The Russian honey bee from the Primorsky Krai, a region in the southern extreme of the Russian Far East, belongs to the species Apis mellifera.
The Russian honey bee have evolved traits of natural mite resistance due to heavy selection pressures. They have lived for more than 150 years in a region that is home to the varroa mite and the tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi).
In 1997, the United States Department of Agriculture's Honey Bee Breeding, Genetics & Physiology Laboratory in Baton Rouge, Louisiana imported  Russian bees to North America.
The Russian bees resemble the dark Carniolan strain. They use less propolis than typical Italian honey bees do. They are not prone to sting. The bees show exceptional winter hardiness, small winter cluster, and a high nectar haul per bee. They are more apt to building queen cells throughout the brood season and may have a higher tendency to swarm.
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